Daffodils form a group of large-flowered
members of the genus Narcissus.
Description: Most daffodils
look yellow, but yellow-and-white,
pink, and lime-green cultivars also
exist. Daffodils grow perennially from
bulbs. In temperate climates they flower
among the earliest blooms in spring: to
this extent daffodils both represent and
herald spring. They often grow in large
clusters, covering lawns and even entire
hillsides with yellow. All daffodils
have a central trumpet-shaped corona
surrounded by a ring of petals. The
traditional daffodil has a golden yellow
color all over, but the trumpet may
often feature a contrasting color.
Breeders have developed some daffodils
with a double or triple row of petals,
making them resemble a small golden
ball. Other cultivars have frilled
petals, or an elongated or compressed
Respect and admiration ; I send my
regards; You’re the only one for me
of several plants of or developed from
the species Dahlia pinnata having
tuberous roots and showy rayed variously
colored flower heads.
Description: Dahlia is a genus
of bushy, summer- and autumn-flowering,
tuberous perennials that are originally
from Mexico, where they are the national
flower. In 1872 a box of Dahlia roots
were sent from Mexico to the
Netherlands. Only one plant survived the
trip, but produced spectacular red
flowers with pointed petals. Nurserymen
bred from this plant, which was named
Dahlia juarezii with parents of Dahlias
discovered earlier and these are the
progenitors of all modern Dahlia
hybrids. Ever since, plant breeders have
been actively breeding Dahlias to
produce hundreds of cultivars, usually
chosen for their stunning and brightly
colored flowers. The dahlia is named
after Swedish 18th-century botanist
Elegance and dignity
name of several different genera and
species in the flowering plants family
Description: The family Asteraceae or,
alternatively, family Compositae, known
as the aster, daisy or sunflower family,
is a taxon of dicotyledonous flowering
plants. The family name is derived from
the genus Aster and refers to the
star-shaped flower head of its members,
typified well by the daisy. The
Asteraceae is the second largest family
in the Division Magnoliophyta, with some
1,100 genera and over 20,000 recognized
species. Only the orchid family
(Orchidaceae) is larger, with about
25,000 described species.
Plants belonging to the Asteraceae must
share ALL the following characteristics
(Judd et al., 1999). None of these
traits, taken separately, can be
Inflorescence: a capitulum or flower
Syngenesious anthers, i.e. with the
stames fused together at their edges by
the anthers, forming a tube
Ovary with basal arrangement of the
Ovules one per ovary
Pappus (a tuft of hairs on a fruit)
The fruit is an achene
Sesquiterpenes present in the essential
oils, but iridoids lacking.
A typical Asteraceae flower head showing
the individual flowers is The most
common characteristic of all these
plants, is that what in common parlance
might be called a "flower", is an
inflorescence or flower head; a densely
packed cluster of many small, individual
flowers, usually called florets (meaning
Plants in the family Asteraceae
typically have one or both of two kinds
of florets. The outer perimeter of a
flower head like that of a sunflower is
composed of florets possessing a long
strap-like petal, termed a ligule; these
are the ray florets. The inner portion
of the flower head (or disc) is composed
of small flowers with tubular corollas;
these are the disc florets. The
composition of asteraceous
inflorescences varies from all ray
flowers (like dandelions, genus
Taraxacum) to all disc flowers (like
Unfettered love and innocence; I'll
Dogwoods are one to three genera
(depending on botanical interpretation)
of deciduous shrubs and trees in the
Description: The Dogwoods
comprise a group of 30-50 species of
deciduous woody plants (shrubs and
trees) in the family Cornaceae, divided
into one to nine genera or subgenera
(depending on botanical interpretation).
Four subgenera are enumerated here.
Flower clusters semi-showy, usually
white or yellow, in cymes without large
showy bracts, fruit red, blue or white:
(Sub) genus Cornus. Cornels; four
species of shrubs or small trees; flower
clusters with a deciduous involucre.
Cornus chinensis (Chinese Cornel).
Cornus mas (European Cornel or
Cornus officinalis (Japanese Cornel).
Cornus sessilis (Blackfruit Cornel).
(Sub) genus Swida. Dogwoods; about 20-30
species of shrubs; flower clusters
without an involucre.
Cornus alba (Swida alba; Siberian
Dogwood). Siberia and northern China.
Cornus alternifolia (Swida alternifolia;
Pagoda Dogwood or Alternate-leaf
Dogwood). Eastern North America north to
extreme southeast Canada.
Cornus amomum (Swida amomum; Silky
Dogwood). Eastern U.S. east of the Great
Plains except for deep south, and
extreme southeast Canada.
Cornus asperifolia (Swida asperifolia;
Cornus austrosinensis (Swida
austrosinensis; South China Dogwood).
Cornus bretschneideri (Swida
Dogwood). Northern China.
Cornus controversa (Swida controversa;
Table Dogwood). East Asia.
Cornus coreana (Swida coreana; Korean
Dogwood). Northeast Asia.
Cornus drummondii (Swida drummondii;
Roughleaf Dogwood). U.S. between the
Appalachian belt and the Great Plains,
and southern Ontario.
Cornus glabrata (Swida glabrata; Brown
Dogwood or Smooth Dogwood). Western
Cornus hemsleyi (Swida hemsleyi;
Hemsley's Dogwood). Southwest China.
Common Dogwood flowering (Cornus
sanguinea)Cornus koehneana (Swida
koehneana; Koehne's Dogwood). Southwest
Cornus macrophylla (Swida macrophylla;
Large-leafed Dogwood). East Asia.
Cornus obliqua (Swida obliqua; Pale
Dogwood). Eastern North America.
Cornus paucinervis (Swida paucinervis).
Cornus racemosa (Swida racemosa;
Northern Swamp Dogwood or Gray Dogwood).
Extreme southeast Canada and northeast
Cornus rugosa (Swida rugosa; Round-leaf
Dogwood). Southeast Canada and extreme
Cornus sanguinea (Swida sanguinea;
Common Dogwood). Europe.
Cornus stolonifera (C. sericea; Swida
stolonifera; Redtwig Dogwood). Northern
Cornus stricta (Swida stricta; Southern
Swamp Dogwood). Southeast U.S.
Cornus walteri (Swida walteri; Walter's
Dogwood). Central China.
Cornus wilsoniana (Swida wilsoniana;
Wilson's Dogwood). Central China.
Canadian Dwarf Cornel (Cornus
inconspicuous, usually greenish,
surrounded by large, showy petal-like
bracts; fruit usually red:
(Sub)genus Chamaepericlymenum. Dwarf
cornels; two species of creeping sub
shrubs growing from woody stolons.
Cornus canadensis (Chamaepericlymenum
canadense; Canadian Dwarf Cornel or
Bunchberry) Northern North America.
Cornus suecica (Chamaepericlymenum
suecicum; Eurasian Dwarf Cornel).
Northern Eurasia, locally in extreme
northeast and northwest North America.
Cornus x unalaschkensis (hybrid C.
canadensis x C. suecica). Aleutian
Islands, Greenland, Labrador.
(Sub)genus Benthamidia (syn. subgenus
Dendrobenthamia, subgenus Cynoxylon).
Flowering dogwoods; five species of
Cornus capitata (Benthamidia capitata;
Himalayan Flowering Dogwood). Himalaya.
Flowering Dogwood in fall colorCornus
Florida (Benthamidia Florida; Flowering
Dogwood). U.S. east of the Great Plains,
north to southern Ontario.
Cornus hongkongensis (Benthamidia
hongkongensis; Hong Kong Dogwood).
Southern China, Laos, Vietnam.
Cornus kousa (Benthamidia kousa; Kousa
Dogwood). Japan and (as subsp.
chinensis) central and northern China.
Cornus nuttallii (Benthamidia nuttallii;
Pacific Dogwood). Western North America
from British Columbia to California.
Cornus urbaniana (Benthamidia urbaniana;
Mexican Flowering Dogwood). Mexico.
Cornus Florida Dogwood berries encased
in ice, Hemingway, South Carolina Most
species have opposite leaves, but
alternate in a few. The fruit of all
species is a drupe with one or two
seeds. Flowers have four parts.
Many species in subgenus Swida are
stoloniferous shrubs, growing along
waterways. Several of these are used for
naturalizing landscape plantings,
especially the species with bright red
or bright yellow stems. Most of the
species in subgenus Benthamidia are
small trees used as ornamental plants.
The name 'dogwood' is a corruption of
'Dagwood', from the use of the slender
stems of very hard wood for making
'dags' (daggers, skewers). The wood was
also highly prized for making the
shuttles of looms, for tool handles, and
other small items that required a very
hard and strong wood.
The fruit of several species in the
subgenera Cornus and Benthamidia is
edible, though without much flavor. The
berries of those in subgenus Swida are
mildly toxic to people, though readily
eaten by birds.
The dogwood is the provincial flower of
the Canadian province of British
Popular legend has it that wood from the
dogwood was used to construct the cross
on which Christ was crucified. God had
pity upon the tree, giving it white
flowers similar to the cross. The
reddish center of each flower symbolizes
the blood of Christ. God transformed the
once towered tree into one that is small
with twisted, gnarled trunks so that
could never be used for the purpose of
building a cross again.
The composite nature of the
inflorescences of these plants led early
taxonomists to call this family the
Compositae. Although the rules governing
naming conventions for plant families
state that the name should come from the
type genus, in this case Aster and thus
Asteraceae. However, the long prevailing
name Compositae is also authorized as an
alternative family name (ICBN Art.
The numerous genera are divided into
about 13 tribes. Only one of these,
Lactuceae, is considered distinct enough
to be a subfamily (subfamily
Cichorioideae); the remainder, which are
mostly overlapping, are put in the
subfamily Asteroideae (Wagner, Herbst,
and Sohmer, 1990).
Symbolic Meaning: Our love will
endure adversity; Durability